Results from a 2016 study at the University of Wisconsin-Hancock Agricultural Research Station in Hancock, Wisconsin, show TerraNu fertilizers improve nitrogen-use efficiency, leading to early season plant height advantages and improved yield potential. The study also confirmed micronutrients in TerraNu fertilizers improve soil- and plant-tissue levels of micronutrients (B, Mn and Zn).
Research from a 2016 study at the University of Wisconsin-Hancock Agricultural Research Station shows fertilizers blended with TerraNu products perform better or similarly to blends made with traditional fertilizer sources (10-20-20 starter, ESN®, 0-46-0 and 0-0-60).
Results show TerraNu-treated plots benefited from superior nitrogen-use efficiency and generated the highest recorded yield in the study (239 bu/ac), while also providing an early season height advantage over other treatments in the study.
The study compared TerraNu fertilizer blends to UW-Extension recommendations on irrigated sand in Hancock, Wisconsin. The design included four treatments, which were replicated across five blocks.
The study was overseen by The Jackson Lab and Dr. Gregg Sanford of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Dr. Sanford, study director, is an expert in soil carbon cycling and sustainable agriculture.
Nutrient application rates were determined using soil assay results and UW-Extension recommendations for corn: 45 lbs/ac of phosphorus (P2O5), 200 lbs/ac of nitrogen (N) and 65 lbs/ac of potassium (K2O).
TerraNu-treated plots received the majority of nutrients from fertilizer manufactured with TerraNu Nutrient Technology™. All remaining N and K needs were met using 10-20-20 as starter, ESN and 0-0-60. The UW-Extension treatment received all nutrients from 10-20-20 as starter, and a blend consisting of ESN, 0-46-0 and 0-0-60. Nutrient application rates are detailed in Table 1 below.
While all treatments were initially designed to supply equivalent amounts of N, P and K, small differences in N, P and K application occurred due to variance in early TerraNu test products. Interestingly, the highest reported yield in the study (239 bu/ac) resulted from the TerraNu 2 treatment, which received seven pounds less N and P than the UW-Extension treatment. This suggests that TerraNu fertilizers improve nutrient efficiency of applied nutrients, despite the slow-release nature of the product itself. Yield data from the study can be found in Table 2.
Tissue analysis also showed TerraNu application resulted in higher soil- and plant-tissue levels of micronutrients (B, Mn and Zn), a direct response from the micronutrients included in all TerraNu fertilizers.
Plants were evaluated on June 20 for plant height and development stage. Compared to the UW-Extension treatment, all TerraNu treatments in the study were more advanced, with a greater number of plants at stage V6. Increasing early season growth in corn carries multiple benefits, including quicker canopy cover, less weed competition, reduced soil evaporation and improved yield potential. Differences in plant response among treatments can be seen in Figure 1 below.
Research on TerraNu’s impact on nutrient efficiency, plant uptake and crop yield will continue in 2017 at various sites across the Midwest. 2017 studies and farm trials will specifically evaluate the product’s impact on plant response and soil capacity, as the added organic matter from the manure matrix in TerraNu fertilizers should significantly influence fertilizer performance in the field.
For more information on TerraNu fertilizers, product research and the TerraNu Nutrient Technology manufacturing process, go to TerraNu.info.